GlossaryParental professional assistance – social service which offers to a child a substitutive care within the parental assistant’s family.
Parental professional assistant – a person who provides within his home the temporary upbringing and education of a child/adult with the perspective of his (re)integration into his biological, extended family or the creation of tutorship, adoption or other types of family care.
Working mobile team – a small group of specialists, necessary for the assistance and recovery of the people with disabilities: social assistant (the mobile team’s manager), psychologist and doctor (kinetotharapist/psychotherapist etc.). The mobile team’s role is to offer specialized services to the beneficiaries from the region where don’t exist. This team will complete the primary existing services in the community and will offer individualized services, based on the identified needs.
Assisted hiring – a professional paid activity conducted in an institution and accompanied for a determined period by sustaining services or facilities.
Social apartments – apartments, distributed among young persons from boarding houses, including those who have disabilities. A group of specialists monitor young persons from social apartments and offer them psychological support, counseling on solving daily problems, models to follow, conditions to spend their free time in an educative way, support in finding a job.
Inclusion – set of measures that apply to different categories of population and aim their social involvement in all its components.
Protected employment – has as objective to assure the persons with disabilities who can’t have a job in the community, with the conditions for a possible utile activity. The protected employment can mean a training course for persons with disabilities, for their further integration into the labor market.
Day Care Center – an alternative service for children/adults with disabilities. There are identified 37 types of activities and services offered by the Day Care Centers: art-therapy, behavioral therapy, consultations for parents, activities for the development of communicative abilities etc.
Center for recovery and rehabilitation – an alternative institution which offers services to persons with disabilities living in families and also to their families, on a daily basis, facilitating this way their social integration. Within these centers for recovery and rehabilitation there are offered the following categories of services: medical assistance and care, psychological consultations, occupational therapy, socialization etc.
Advocacy- public actions organized by NGOs on the behalf of citizens, or by some groups of disadvantaged persons, having the goal to influence the responsible public authorities and to obtain the recognition of some existing problems, which were created by ignorance, neglect of their legal rights, as well as the acceptance of the solutions proposed by those who speak on the behalf of these groups. An efficient advocacy campaign encourages people that they can make changes by joining forces for the same objective.
Lobby- a personal or organized effort to influence somebody’s opinion or activities/the competent authorities – within the local council, in a ministry or in an organization, to elaborate some local laws or decisions in compliance with the wishes and interests of a particular person or group of people.
Advocacy in the domain of mental disability
The advocacy concept in the field of mental disability was developed to promote the rights of persons with mental disabilities and to reduce the stigma and discrimination. It consists in the promotion of different actions directed to eliminate the attitude barriers. This type of advocacy has the goal to launch and implement initiatives in order to raise the public conscience on mental disabilities and to act like pressing groups for the implementation of the alternative services and the social inclusion of persons with mental disabilities.
Advocacy for mental health – an important and efficient means to elaborate a complex of actions to make known as much as possible the problems of mental health and their inclusion in the authorities’ agenda. If implemented, the advocacy actions can lead to the improvement of the politics, legislation and development of services in this field.
Self advocacy – the concept of self advocacy (auto-advocacy) means the implementation of some actions individually which would lead to the protection of persons with mental disabilities and their families. This concept is important, because it involves and encourages persons with disabilities to act by having a strong motivation, and being at the same time conscious about their disability.